Scientific Forecaster Discussion

Area forecast discussion National Weather Service Greenville-Spartanburg SC 706 am EDT Sat Apr 19 2014 Synopsis... a moist low pressure system will move slowly across southern Georgia today...and continue tracking east off the South Carolina coast tonight through Sunday. High pressure will briefly build in Monday...before a cold front pushes across the region on Tuesday. A broad and dry area of high pressure will then build in from the north Wednesday and linger through the end of the week. && Near term /through tonight/... as of 700 am EDT...water vapor imagery continues to show a tongue of middle and upper level dry air wrapping into the SW half of the forecast area this morning. Precipitation has largely transitioned to drizzle in these areas...and probability of precipitation have been pared back from the SW with areas of drizzle added to the forecast. Otherwise...the increasingly stacked southeast low pressure system will continue drifting eastward toward the coast. Still anticipate a brief resurgence in forcing 12z to 18z as deep layer qg forcing crosses the region and an axis of frontogenesis persists across The Heart of the forecast area through early afternoon before weakening late today into tonight. The greatest quantitative precipitation forecast should impact the Charlotte metropolitan area...but given the weak rainfall rates observed thus well as the ffg and headwater guidance appears that any Hydro problems will be quite isolated. In addition...the tightening pressure gradient will cause NE winds to pick up...with gusts well into the 20s and possibly above 30 miles per hour at times this afternoon across the Piedmont. Surface cad remaining in place through tonight will keep the diurnal temperature range fairly small. Precipitation should gradually end from the west tonight as the moisture and forcing diminish. && Short term /Sunday through Monday night/... as of 230 am Saturday...the stacked low pressure system will continue to slowly drift east away from the Carolina coasts on Sunday...with wrap-around cloud cover and decent northeasterly low level flow lingering atop the County warning forecast area. It does look like probability of precipitation should pretty much be over across the area by daybreak Sunday...but a slight chance does linger in the southeast zones through midday. With the cool NE flow and lingering clouds...I undercut MOS temperatures...especially in the east. Sunday night through Monday...shortwave ridging ripples across the area behind the departing low. Temperatures rebound to near normal readings under mostly clear skies. Monday night...the next shortwave trough approaches from the west. Height falls aloft and low level moisture arriving within increasing westerly flow may support a few showers along the NC/Tennessee border overnight. But otherwise...just an increase in clouds and temperatures a couple categories above normal. && Long term /Tuesday through Friday/... as of 245 am Saturday...models still in good agreement on timing a cold frontal passage across the County warning forecast area on Tuesday. The front will be relatively weakly forced. But there should be enough q-vector convergence coupled with low level frontal convergence and moisture to support at least scattered showers with the front. The timing looks good for about maximum daytime heating instability...with the GFS most bullish with up to 1000 j/kg of SBCAPE by 18z Tuesday. However...I think the downslope west/northwest low level flow will limit coverage and overall instability. The GFS hodographs also Don/T show much shear for organized convection...with unidirectional west/northwest flow only increasing to about 30 kts in the middle levels. Temperatures will be above normal...upper 70s to lower 80s east of the mountains...assuming front pushes through late aftn/eve. Tuesday night through end of the week...upper flow continues to be quite progressive...with another upper ridge building in for Wednesday and Thursday...followed by another latitudinal trough approaching the area Friday. Temperatures remain near or slightly above normal...with the surface high pressure center translating east across the Great Lakes. A cold front will push into the Ohio Valley Friday...with slight chance to low-end chance probability of precipitation creeping back in by Friday evening. && Aviation /11z Saturday through Wednesday/... at kclt...deformation zone precipitation over or near the airfield will likely keep IFR ceilings in place through 15z...with mainly MVFR ceilings continuing through the day. The tightening pressure gradient should easily produce gusts into the 20s through most of the taf period. Slow improvement to VFR is possible tonight as the deformation zone moves east and weakens and the moisture becomes shallower. At kavl and khky...precipitation rates in and near the deformation zone should be light enough to allow ceilings to stay mainly VFR tempo MVFR through the day...with improvement to more solid VFR tonight. Brief north to NE wind gusts are likely as well...but with less magnitude than taf locations farther southeast. At the upstate taf sites...a middle and upper level dry slot has worked in over the SC tafs. This has lessened the precipitation to drizzle or very light rain...and allowed ceilings to dip into the IFR range at times. Mainly IFR is expected through late morning...with MVFR ceilings the rest of the day...improving to VFR tonight. NE flow will steadily increase as the pressure gradient tightens...and gusts to 25 knots will be likely today through this evening. Outlook...ceiling restrictions may well linger into Sunday morning before moisture pulls away with the slowly departing offshore low pressure system. Dry high pressure will then develop through Monday...with a fairly wet frontal system expected on Tuesday. Confidence table... 11-17z 17-23z 23-05z 05-11z kclt high 84% high 85% high 82% high 94% kgsp high 91% high 87% high 89% high 93% kavl high 85% high 81% high 98% high 100% khky high 89% high 84% high 100% high 100% kgmu high 91% high 86% high 89% high 93% kand high 95% high 92% high 86% high 86% The percentage reflects the number of guidance members agreeing with the scheduled taf issuance flight rule category. Complete hourly experimental aviation forecast consistency tables and ensemble forecasts are available at the following link: (must be lower case) Www.Weather.Gov/gsp/aviation_tables && Gsp watches/warnings/advisories... Georgia...none. NC...none. SC...none. && $$ Synopsis...Arkansas near term...hg short term...Arkansas long term...Arkansas aviation...hg

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